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Malingas

English: Foreword - Stories - Documentary - Development Models - Brief History

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It is probable that people who migrated between the coast and the mountains of Piura started up the agriculture in Malingas 4000 years ago.

This is deducted from a petroglyphs and ceremonial shrines network  located at the central part of Malingas, initially studied by the archeologist César Astuhuamán and continued in-depth by his colleague Daniel Dávila in 2009-2011. There is no accurate information about the origin of those people but it is suspected they came from Upper Amazon Basin, and some of their rests were lately occupied by Tallans, Chimús and Incas.

The archeologist César Astuhuamán has suggested a rectangle-shaped structure on Cerro endemoniado in El Carbón Village could be Inca. The reason why he is led to believe that is the closeness to the Coastal Royal Trail that connected the Inca tambo (supply post) of Malinche (Malingas Grande) to Bonapira's (Tambogrande). Furthermore, the trail followed to  the north in the actual Pelingará, and to the south in the actual Sáncor.

During the Spanish Colony, probable descendants of Andean caciques (Indian chiefs) founded a convent at the upper part of Malingas. The only remaining from the construction are the foundations, and eventually it can be found little pieces of ceramics.

Paralelly, the whole zone was changing owners, Spanish yeomen. At least between 1540 and 1930 half-a-hundred of people were disputing the land, until 1960 when the most part was expropiated in favor of San Lorenzo Irrigation. Ending that decade, the remaining  was given to the farmers by the Agrarian Reform of Juan Velasco Alvarado's military administration.

The 1970's decade meant  the expansion of the community until beginning 1980 when  the former Centro de Servicios Malingas was abandoned and re-occupied by the actual locals. Also, new villages were founded until reaching 20 those form the whole community.

During 1990-2000, Malingas floated  its economy again by growing and exporting mango. In 1999, it became a key bastion  for the defense of San Lorenzo Valley against mining projects.

During the last 15 years,  Malingas has tried to empower its development model based upon the agriculture and cattle, and it is looking to support the local governibility  for generating development.




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