Blanco’s Dry Forest
got the area – they are waiting for somebody to explain their
Photos by Regional
Government of Piura.
Cámbialo a español.
Peru – White cacao cropped in Palo Blanco travels as far as the
United states, France, Switzerland and Belgium, according to Sierra
Exportadora, a Peruvian government agency that advises farmers with
atractive products for international markets.
La Quemazón (pronounce “La KehmaZon”) , in San
Juan de Bigote District (Piura) is considered as the best place in
the world where white cacao is, the story of how Palo Blanco
organized to satisfy this market has been so modeling until
Lima-based RPP network granted it 2012 Integration Award.
to Sierra Exportadora, this cacao variety is better qualified but
much rare in the whole planet: from global stock, it just means
0.25%. What could consumer public in the States or europe think if
we say just beside the planntations, a Private Area of Conservation
(APC as in Spanish) has been approved looking to preserve 2 sq km of
Government of Piura (GOREPI as in Spanish) announced on Friday April
that Ministry of environment had approved APC creation to assure Seco
(pronounce “Sehco”) and Yapatera Rivers flow, those run
at the North of Chulucanas (pronounce “ChuluKanas”) City,
mostly known because its mud pottery, its
Andean-African-Hispanic-Tallan cultural mixture, and its
to the paperwork presented to get the area creation, Zanjón Hondo
(pronounce “ZanHon Ondo”) Creek is one of Yapatera
River’s tributaries, which is Piura River’s tributary at
the same time, one of the two most important in Piura Coast. There
are other smaller creeks inside Palo Blanco’s dry forest those
fight the thirst of 74 vegetal species, 61 birds species, 16 mammals
species, and 12 anphibes and reptiles species.
Aleja Creek’s source helps to formation of diverse spruers
inside the area, from where water is provided for irrigating
agricultural crops and capture in a pipes network to supply people,”
It points out.
interest in keeping this forest is because it is an unique ecosystem
of our country, region of Tumbes endemism,” the document what
FACTORTIERRA.NET knew sustains. Although in a review of listed and
threatened species, we have found many common in the Americas like
scavenger and rapacious birds.
Blanco’s dry forest is managed by César Vallejo
(pronounce “Cehsar Vajeho”) Farmers’ Community,
that has been successful keeping it untouchable for a long time, as
GOREPI says. “Years ago, it was under irrational cutting off,”
Community’s president Victor Chamba remembers. We, the new
generations, have understood the need to protect environment.”
forest is located about 20 km at east of Chulucanas City, and its
biodiversity could be conditionated by its altitude range from 300 to
900 meters above sea level, that means passing from Coast to Andes in
a reduced land extension.
‘could’ stresses because GOREPI warns there is not any
research supporting the riches it presents.
is why they will look for teasing university students to make
esential investigation, but considering endemic and threatened
species list in particular, specialists presence will be required to
lead and to reach into more consistent conclusions for rating the
space’s real value and its interaction to activities those make
the town internationally remarkable.
it will be possible to improve touristic offer NorAndino Cooperative
is already doing around white cacao, which visitors go to fieldss and
participate caring and cropping the product.
aspect this level is allowing major studies on The Answering Rock,
Two-Eyed Rock, The Marked Rock. Mr Chamba says they are cutted,
suspects a very ancient origin.
FACTORTIERRA.NET experience in Malingas Community,
Tambogrande District, about 25 km at Northwest, it could be about
archaeological evidence, considering Palo Blanco is next to
Chililique, Frías District, where petroglyphs with quite
similar patterns to Malingas’ were found.
Archaeologist Daniel Davila’s theory of jíbaro migration
corridors is right,
it could be about human work made prior to birth of Peruvian Great
Chililique as well as Malingas, archaeological sites seem to be
linked to water presence. In Palo Blanco case, it could –again-
be the same considering La Pirca and La Toma Creeks. Let’s
remember we are talking about 2 sq km, about 200 soccer fields, so
proving or debunking the connection does not imply going on long
distances like in Malingas.
Chamba confirms the exploration can be done by walking due to short
what could be started in APC is scientific tourism, because it will
give consistency to any reason-why that farmers’ community or
GOREPI wants to offer later. So this could become a hypotheses into a
conclusion – preliminary, at least.
upcoming assignment is determining the importance of endemisms and
the need to save the different threatened species in the forest, in
particular inside 40 untouchable hectares (the fifth part of APC).
the most vulnerables,” Mr Chamba estimates.
up next, FACTORTIERRA.NET presentsthat list of endemisms and
threatened species, based on GOREPI stock, hoping to contribute the
curiosity of senior & junior scientific community. The only you
must get is an authorization by farmers’ community.
On this english version, we only include scientific names, not common
names’ translations in order to keep accuracy.
types of plants. Among endemic and threatened, we have:
to GOREPI stock, the most fauna is endemic of Tumbes (pronounce
species were listed,” authorities assure, adding 18 are endemic
(almost threatened, moderate)
(dry forest typical – it was found at University of Piura
campus in 2013.)
Peru’s littler humming bird.)
“There are 16 identified species,” GOREPI states. The
most are endemic of equatorial Pacific. We also found six different
species of chyroptera. The next are endemic and threatened ones.
and reptiles: 12
species were found. We noted 2 frogs species, 2 jañapes
“hañapa”) species, and 4 lizards species.
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