is about the proposed conservation area at Northwestern Peruvian sea?
. Turn in Spanish
upon a day, they came somewhere this big ocean. Now, they are the
stars of their own show. Photo
Courtesy by Claudia samaniegho.
– The green turtles (Chelonia
came in upon a day and did not run away anymore, especially when
fishermen set an unwritten agreement for giving them a place and
food. Somebody was apparently domesticating.
postcard attracted the first tourists who left being simple
spectators becoming a sort of extended family for the chelonians.
fishermen addended their symbiotic agreement – no papers, no
signatures, pure good will. They are partners ofan initiative which
tourists swim with the reptiles, pay the fishermen, an everybody
likes to have what they need: home, money, food and amusement.
say something warmed up by some degrees the sea aside el Ñuro,
and that atracted the turtles. Initially, it seemed to be a sign of a
el Niño [pronounce "El Neeño"] strong event was coming on but it never arrived, or so
powerless despite the expected at least.
seem to be the most recent inhabitants of this harbor located at Los
Órganos District south, Talara County. Butterfly fishes, seahorses,
morays, and crabs already lived there but its riches should be into
the sea, where it is projected a conservation initiative that is
moving all the continent in favor.
say that Pacific Ocean between Piura state central shores and Tumbes
state southern shores concentrate 70% of marine diversity along Peru,
and Culture International’s
(NCI) executive director Alexander More explained to Radio Cutivalu.
That means 50% of Peru’s artisan fishermen Working here.
to Mr. More, marine population is decreasing as well as it is
happening around the globe, unless a proposal for protectting 1140 sq
km of sea to be approved including el Ñuro and considering Foca
Island to the South, Punta Sal Reefs to the North, and Máncora
Bank along that strip.
government is also involved on the crusade through National Service
of Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP as in Spanish), according to its
Piura’s chief officer Aldo Aguirre has told the same radio
station. He proposes a management of the space from many sectors.
are common at any beach, but scientists try to understand how this
specime in particular interacts among cold and warm ocean water.
Courtesy by Claudia samaniego.
with identity crisis
reason why such as diversity seems to be the confluency of Humboldt
Current what adds cold water from Antarctica, and Equatorial or el Niño
Current what adds warm water from Oceania, plus an under surface stream
against both what likely adds warm water aside Paita City.
many marine flows converge in this zone, they conditionate the
dispersion of marine larva and influence the patterns of migration,
moving and distribution (reproduction and feeding) of a big amount of
species nationally and internationally relevant,” author
Guillermo Castro pointed out.
convinced that Peruvian coastal flow is located in the most fertile
area of the world, and that is the most important physical and
biological phenomenom of the Earth,” San Diego, Calif.-based
Institution of Oceanography’s
former director Roger revelle became to state.
of the places where is possible to appreciate this effect quietly is
Foca Island, 0,92 sq km surface, 1 km off La Islilla (pronounce “Le
Eesleeya”)harbor shore (Paita), 5°12’34” South
latitude, 81°1’23” West longitude.
to Wikipedia in Spanish, specialist have found “3 species of
mammals, 34 species of birds –which 8 have a nest at the
island, 3 species of reptiles, 54 species of fishes, 32species of
molluscs, 30 species of echinoderms, and 28 species of crustaceans.”
website quotes this could be the Northernest place where Humboldt
reproduces, and it has created such anxiety regarding to a reduced
colony of South American fine sea lions, those also use the island to
it is belief they are linked to individuals of Mazorca Island
National Reserve (Lima), about 800 km to the South, what could become
However, there is also genetic evidence that links them to possible
relatives in Galápagos Islands (Ecuador), about 1500 km to the
Northwest, what could become them in Arthophoca
record could represent a 765 km increasing in the current known
distribution range of A.
(Mazorca Island), or it could constitute the first record of
Galápagos fine sea lions (A.
for Peru, enlarging almost its known distribution range in 1000 km
(Galápagos Islands),” Wikipedia says.
likes sea food? In Piura, Peru, special conditions allow a great
variety to taste. Photo
Courtesy by Claudia samaniegho.
it is possible to watch the whales migration from Foca Island,
although the show repeats along almost all the shore going up to the
North, amid one of the major food reserves they (and other species)
is Máncora (pronounce “Man-cora”) Bank, a
territory full of lifejust over a droned mountain made of basalt and
covered of shilt and clay , built about 65 km between Cabo Blanco
(pronounce “Kaabo Blanco”) (Piura) and Punta Sal
1989 and 1990, Institute of Peruvian Sea (IMARPEas in Spanish)
explored the zone and found a rich marine diversity: “This
marine bank acts like a nursery for many of these species, those
find food and shelter there,” Guillermo Castro wrote.
includes dolphins andwhales (blue whales, hunchbacked whales,
cachalotes, etc.), sea turtles threatened of extinction, as well as a
diversitty of tuna, shark, stingrays, needle fishes (e.g. sword fish,
black marlin, blue marlin, stripped marlin, , sail fish) species,”
sets down at Vichayito (pronounce “Vichegito”)Beach, South
besides Máncora Town, Peru. This place became one of the best
rated touristic places in Piura’s Coast. Photo
Courtesy by Claudia samaniego.
fishermen and businessmen
ProNaturaleza already had begun to advocate on the need to protect
Máncora Bank in 2004, unsuccessfully. Lately, Inkaterra
has come pulling a similar Project to make sustainable fishin and
it is collecting signatures for Peruvian Government to create the
area what keeps Foca Island, el Ñuro, Máncora Bank and
Punta Sal Reefs or Peruvian Tropical Sea Conservation Area.
activists said FACTORTIERRA.NET they hope a bigger control on oil &
gas extraction for avoiding accidents like explosion and droning of
Peruvian Navy Ship Supe, January 30th,
2008 in the morning, while it supplied to a BPZ
oil company’s platform off Zorritos, Tumbes shore.
to Equatorial Flow direction, the oil tide went straight to Máncora
Bank to the South. Authorities and BPZ stated they held the spill on
time, but specialists suggest impacts only will be known in mid, long
April, Paita Artisan Fishermen Union’s senior secretary
Arístides Chuyes warned about a project to drill 90 oil and
gas pits along the sea between Máncora at North and Sechura at
a statement to Radio Cutivalú, he also said he fears the
proposed conservation area at Piura and Tumbes sea unallows them to
fish inside 5 miles reserved for their activity. Recently, he has
said the area project do not protect that strip neither.
stated the pits paparwork has a different process than area’s
and that the idea is determining what areas can be protected,
despite. But it accepted the oil and gas concessions are “priorly
existent” to the area.
website recognizes “lately it comes being affected by illegal
fishing, impacting negatively on economy of artisan fishermen and
the same time, it has seen an highlighting growing in touristic
activity given the potential the zone presents for recreation at
beaches, water sports, sport fishing and watching of turtles and
whales,” it ads.
agency assures the approval of the area could trigger sustainable
tourism in almost all the Piura Central and Tumbes top beaches.
the area objective is also keeping the biological diversity through
its sustainable use, it is clear its future categorization as a
direct use area will not generate a legal incompatibility with
possible new oil and gas agreements suscription,” SERNANP
fishermen are wondering if protected area will protect their assets
or others’. Photo
Courtesy by Claudia samaniego.
question is if Peru can guarantee respect of every space and every
activity not affecting each other. Or if it can assume greater
challenges like joining the Marine Corridor of Tropical Eastern
Pacific Conservation – CMAR.
protects Galápagos Islands in Ecuador, Malpelo and Gorgona
Islands in Colombia, Coiba Island in Panama, and Coco Island in Costa
Rica,” Guillermo Castro explains. “All these recognized
places as protected natural areas are nacional parks of their
countries, and in case of Galápagos and Coco Island, sites of
also has adopted the idea of starting up a non-profit private station
that monitors the diversity and El Niño South Oscillation,
because Piura is one of its critic spots around the globe as
National Geographic Society (NGS) published.
Ocean Initiative’s director Miguel Ángel Jorge said to
Andina Peruvian news agency that he agrees to give a formal
protecttion for Máncora Bank. “This kind of protected
area zonification or designation atracts international interest and
promotes the sustainable and responsible use of resources among
residents,” he commented.
Maná Mexican band’s leader vocal Fher Olivera encouraged
recently to Peru’s President Ollanta Humala for approving the
conservation area. Until then, signatures collecting is on.
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